Paraguay declared its independence from Spain on May 15, 1811. 1935: Bolivian-occupied Villa Montes falls to Paraguayans. Spanish Rule over Colonial Uruguay 1516 - 1811-The Spanish arrive and control the section of land that is now Uruguay (1516)-Revolutionary Jose Artigas, launches a … The mission museum offers a detailed view of the missionary way of life. Paraguayan cities re-developed. He intended to create a utopian society based on the French theorist Jean-Jacques Rousseau's Social Contract. Paraguayan War begins. 2001 May - Head of central bank resigns over alleged involvement in fraudulent transfer of $16m to US bank account. 2002 July - State of emergency declared after violent street protests. Contact. To Vision Fund. 2005 June - Lower house rejects government proposals to privatise public utilities. Paraguay re-captures Nanawa 5 months later. 1864: Lopez declares war on Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay. 1955: Stroessner declares state of siege and removes various civil rights from the people. He was followed by Carlos Antonio Lopez, who ruled Paraguay until 1862. The United States and Paraguay have maintained close diplomatic relations since they were established in 1861. Two months later the electoral court sets presidential elections for April 2013, and President Franco agrees to stand down then. A timeline created with Timetoast's interactive timeline maker. My account. Paraguay was claimed by Spanish. 1870: Lopez finally defeated at Battle of Cerro Corá and killed soon after. 1869: Paraguayan army defeated at the Battle of Acosta Ñu. In 1852 the Colorados took control of Uruguay. Visit for a timeline of UPS history. 2008 September - President Lugo accuses his predecessor, Nicanor Duarte, and former military commander General Lino Oviedo of masterminding a conspiracy against his government. 1915: Revolt against Schaerer caused by censorship issues fails. Paraguay . The three largest rivers - the Paraguay, Parana and Pilcomayo -forms over 75% of the country's borders. Paraguay - History __ "The original inhabitants of present-day Paraguay were Guaraní Amerindians of the Tupi-Guaraní language family. 1989: General Andrés Rodríguez starts an uprising against Stroessner, and succeeds after an artillery duel over Asunción, after which Stroessner flees to Brazil. Rodriguez appointed president after 35 years of oppression. Early Bolivia. Make educational timelines or create a timeline for your company website. Publications. In 1810 José Gervasio Artigas lays siege to the Spanish royalist forces holding Montevideo. Its history since the arrival of the Spaniards in 1537 evokes images of tremendous sacrifice and suffering amid lush surroundings. 'Not enough' climate ambition shown by leaders, No-deal navy threat 'irresponsible' - Tory MP, Trump's latest, legal longshot doomed by Supreme Court, Covid: Homeless left struggling for shelter. 1,954 BCE. 2009 July - Brazil and Paraguay reach a deal to end their long-running dispute over the cost of energy from the giant Itaipu hydro-electric plant on their border. The landlocked nation of Paraguay covering an area of 406,752 sq.km (157,050 sq mi), is located in Central South America. 1811, June 17 - National Congress meets for the first time. In the later part of the 19th century the population of Uruguay rose as many immigrants came from Europe and the economy developed. Ayolas ventures into the Chaco and disappears. © 2020 BBC. 1998: Raúl Cubas Grau elected under promise that Oviedo would be released, but does not perpetrate action. One of the great reformers of the church in Switzerland, Ulrich Zwingli, did not go far enough for a small group called the Swiss Brethren.They wanted to do away with the Catholic mass, baptize adults only, start a free church of voluntary believers, and promote pacifism.Zwingli debated with these Brethren before the Zurich city council in 1525. 1988 Feb 14: Alfredo Stroessner was re-elected president of Paraguay. Juan de Salazar, a Spanish explorer, established the city of Asuncion in 1537. 2011 October - Paraguayans approve a constitutional change giving the vote to the large number of citizens living abroad. 1880 - Buenos Aires tries to secede from the republic. BBC Sport: Statistics - Uruguay 1930. Missionaries and Indians. 1530: Conquistador Don Pedro de Mendoza attempts to reach the area, but fails at the banks of the River Plate. 1948– A coup put General Manuel Odria and the military into power. Federico Chávez is elected full-term. 1721 - 1732: Revolt of the Comuneros against the Jesuits. PARAGUAY WAS ONE of the first countries in South America to achieve independence. He releases many political prisoners and slaves. San Ignacio Guazú (1610) The first Jesuit settlement in Paraguay is located in the city of San Ignacio de las Misiones, 226 km from Asunción. Representing over 100 years of innovation, learn how UPS grew into the largest package delivery company in the world. Dates in Timeline. The Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine was approved earlier this week and doses are being distributed this weekend. A brief history of Bolivia. Chaco War . Largest battle ever fought on South American soil. 1844: Carlos Antonio López elected President, establishes his dictatorship. 2015 December - Paraguay is the worst-hit as South America experiences its worst floods in decades, forcing more than 100,000 residents to evacuate. Bolivia accepts truce on June 12, 1935. Mennonite History in Europe . However, despite faster economic growth, unemployment and crime rates remained high as the government failed to address … pärägwī´ [key], officially Republic of Paraguay, republic (2015 est. 1541: The garrison of Buenos Aires abandons the town and resettles in Asunción. Argentine general Manuel Belgrano leads an army of 1100 troops to capture royalist Asunción, and defeats a small force of Paraguayans at the Battle of Campichuelo but is defeated in Battle of Paraguarí and Tacuarí. 700 AD Tiahuanaco rules an empire in Bolivia. Independence leaders arrested. 1932-35 - Paraguay wins territory in the west from Bolivia during Chaco war. In this lesson, learn about the history of the Guarani, the most important aspects of their religious legacy, and the struggles they face today. Paraguay was desperately trying to rebuild itself after the devastating Triple Alliance War of 1864-1870 wiped out most of the nation’s young men. 1949: Raimundo Rolón is appointed president, followed by Felipe Molas López. 1870-03-01 War of the Triple Alliance finally ends with the Battle of Cerro Corá and the death of Paraguayan Dictator Francisco Solano López after over 5 years of bloodshed between Paraguay and Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay 2015 August - International outcry after an 11-year-old rape victim gives birth after being denied an abortion. Mr Gonzalez Macchi survives a vote to remove him from office. pâr´əgwā, –gwī, Span. 1980– Second government of Fernando Belaunde Terry. In an important break from the military, Paraguayans, in May 1993, elected Colorado Party candidate Juan Carlos Wasmosy as the first civilian president in nearly half a century. 1533 The Spaniards conquer Bolivia. Uruguay timeline A chronology of key events: 1516 ... 1865-70 - Uruguay joins Argentina and Brazil in war against Paraguay, which is defeated. 1870: Provisional government collapses, Cirilo Antonio Rivarola elected President. 1767: Suppression of the Society of Jesus, the last Jesuits are expelled from colonial Paraguay. 1934: Truce lifted, Bolivia re-launches offensive at the Battle of Cañada Strongest, but Paraguayans counterattack at Ybybobo. Because of its small population and poverty, however, its weight among the nations of the modern world is small. 1814: Francia elected to the post of Supreme dictator. Hands over power to Alfredo Stroessner. Asunción: 1537-1811: For much of the early history of the Spanish empire it is Asunción, rather than Buenos Aires, which is the colonial centre for the entire region south of Brazil. 2005 February - President Nicanor Duarte promises a crackdown on organised crime following the kidnapping and murder of the daughter of former president Raul Cubas. Dia de la Independencia. 1450 - Punchao, a great golden disc, is made a symbol of the sun ... 1945-Peru, Paraguay, Chile and Ecuador joined the United Nations 1945-Peru declared war on Germany ... Paraguay history Timeline created by marah.millere. When Argentina and Paraguay assert their independence from Spain, it is a gaucho who takes the lead in Uruguay. Education made compulsory. 1993 - Colorado Party wins simple majority of seats in first free multiparty elections, while its candidate, Juan Carlos Wasmosy, wins first free presidential elections. 2018 May - Paraguay opens its Israel embassy in Jerusalem, making it the third nation to take the deeply controversial step after the United States and Guatemala. 2013 August - Parliament votes to give President Cartes new powers to deploy the military against left-wing rebels. Governor of Paraguay Bernardo de Velasco remains loyal to the Crown and rejects revolution of Buenos Aires. Indeed, Paraguay was one of the world’s largest exporters of soybeans at the beginning of the 21st century. Links: Paraguay 1988 1997: A separatist war on Papua New Guinea’ island of Bougainville claimed about 5,000 lives over this period and led to the closure of a big copper mine run by Rio Tinto. Nazca are best known for its lines and drawings of animals, know as the Nazca Lines, which cover a large area of the desert outside the towns of Nazca and Palpa. Some key dates in Paraguay's history: image copyright Getty Images. Paraguay History: Biographies; Alfredo Stroessner. ... Paraguay is initially ruled by dictators who keep the country stable at the cost of keeping it isolated from the outside world; they also build up a powerful military machine, to defend their vulnerable countries interests. 1542: The province of Paraguay placed under authority of Viceroyalty of Peru. 2004 April onwards - Peasants stage series of land invasions and other protests, demanding redistribution of agricultural land. Interesting facts about Paraguay. 1813, October 12: Republic of Paraguay proclaimed. Paraguay. History, map and timeline of Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay in 1648 CE where the lands are inhabited by the predominant indigenous people, the Guarani 2005 August - Paraguay hosts the first-ever conference of landlocked nations. The three largest rivers - the Paraguay, Parana and Pilcomayo -forms over 75% of the country's borders. 1868: Paraguay defeated at the Battle of Avay. 1947: Morinigo manages to win Paraguayan Civil war with the help of Colorado militias. 2004 June - Former military commander General Oviedo returns from exile in Brazil and is arrested at airport. 1865: Battle of the Riachuelo. Juan Bautista Gaona elected president: the first liberal to be given such position. 1750 - 1761: Guaraní War. On this occasion royalty closes ranks … 1903-15 - Reformist Jose Batlle y Ordonez (Colorado Party) gives women the franchise and establishes a welfare state, disestablishes the church and abolishes the … Paraguay War 1864 - 1870. 1992 - New democratic constitution promulgated. Chaco War begins. Abortion is illegal unless the mother's life is at risk. A three-man ruling junta, which includes Velasco, is created. Santos Cosme y Damián (1632) 1816: Francia elected to the post of Supremo dictator (El Supremo) for life. 2007 March - Government declares state of emergency in response to outbreak of dengue fever. In Canada (CANSAM) Partner. Videos. 1894: President Juan Gualberto González overthrown. A timeline created with Timetoast's interactive timeline maker. Alfredo Stroessner. Timeline: Paraguay BBC News, Thursday, 17 February, 2005, 16:02 GMT. 2008: Fernando Lugo is elected president. The Archbishop of Paraguay, Ismael Rolón Silvero, excommunicates chief of police and minister of the interior. That's near its highest level of 1983 The first settlement … Timeline: Paraguay BBC News, Thursday, 17 February, 2005, 16:02 GMT. 1750: Jesuits lose the support of the Spanish Crown. 1811 - Paraguay becomes independent. 1999: Cubas resigns. Timeline: Paraguay. Federico Franco, his vice president, is sworn in to complete the remainder of Mr Lugo's term. 1. Resources. Print; Main. 400 people killed and 500 injured. Donate. 1988: Pope John Paul II visits Paraguay, increasing anti-Stroessner morale. Luis Ángel González Macchi elected president. Dictadura Stronista May 14, 1811. 1865-70 - Paraguay loses over half of its population and large tracts of land in war with Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay over sea access. Oviedo flees to Argentina. A chronology of key events. The Guarani are the aboriginal group who inhabited eastern Paraguay and parts of Brazil and Argentina when the Spanish arrived in South America. Jan 1, 1516. Then in 1865-1870 Uruguay joined Brazil and Argentina in a war against Paraguay. 1808 - Vice-royalty of La Plata becomes autonomous following the overthrow of the Spanish monarchy by Napoleon Bonaparte, but Paraguayans revolt against Buenos Aires. HISTORY OF PARAGUAY 16th - 19th century Asunción Three caudíllos Liberales and Colorados 20th century Share | Discover in a free daily email today's famous history and birthdays Enjoy the Famous Daily. Paraguay celebrates Independence Day on May 15, from 1811 to now. The deaths of 11 of his supporters and six police officers. Below is a timeline of the history of Paraguay: 1516: Conquistador Juan Díaz de Solís leads an unsuccessful expedition to explore the area later known as Paraguay. 1886: Caballero rigs elections assuring the victory of Patricio Escobar wins. Manuel Antonio Ortiz leads the Provisional junta. Published. 1780 The indigenous people of Bolivia rebel. 2004: Fire breaks out in the Ycuá Bolaños supermarket. 1842, November 25: Official Act of Independence proclaimed. 1933: First Battle of Nanawa. 1609 - Spanish Jesuits begin converting the local population to Roman Catholicism. 1796 - 1806: Governor Lázaro de Ribera y Espinoza is in charge of Paraguay. 1810: Royalism declines in South America as the king of Spain is deposed by Napoleon. 1924– Victor Raul Haya de la Torre founded APRA. 1000-1099 1100-1199 1200-1299 1300-1399 1400-1499 . Church Partnerships. 1862: Carlos Antonio Lopez dies and his eldest son Francisco Solano López is appointed President. 1968– Coup d’état by Juan Velasco Alvarado. Paraguay became independent of Spain in 1811 and Jose Gaspar Rodriguez Francis became the dictator. 1589 - 1639: Mameluco slave raids ravish Paraguay until natives are given the right to bear arms and defend themselves. 1948: Morinigo is overthrown and Juan Manuel Frutos inherits position of presidency, followed that year by Juan Natalicio González. Paraguay - Paraguay - Paraguay in the 21st century: After a decade of stagnation, the Paraguayan economy revived, spurred by rapid growth in soybean production. Asuncion Timeline(6) Dec.23 Floods force evacuation of more than 70,000 as Paraguay River risesMap of Paraguay River Paraguay The Paraguay River rose to nearly 24 feet (7.2 meters) Wednesday after weeks of torrential rains. Jan 1, 1516. 1525 - Portuguese explorer Alejo Garcia visits Paraguay. He repairs relations with the natives. Paraguay’s recent history has been characterized by turbulence and authoritarian rule. 2015 January - Albino Jara, the leader of Paraguay's second biggest rebel group the Armed Peasant Association (ACA), is shot dead by special forces in a jungle area north of the capital Asuncion. 2002 December - Congress votes for impeachment proceedings against President Gonzalez Macchi over charges which include corruption. Paraguayan army defeats Bolivia at the Battle of Boquerón, but are defeated later at the Battle of Kilometer 7. Spanish–Portuguese forces sack the Jesuit reductions, killing around 1500 Guaranís. 1820 - 1821: Plot against Francia discovered. 1919: Franco dies in office. Paraguay was claimed by Spanish 1535. Indeed, Paraguay was one of the world’s largest exporters of soybeans at the beginning of the 21st century. 1865-70 - Paraguay loses over half of its population and large tracts of land in war with Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay over sea access. View Cart. Join SAM. The reason is the nature of the environment. Kids learn about the history and timeline of the country of Argentina including early civilizations, European discovery, ... Argentina joins Brazil and Uruguay in the War of the Triple Alliance against Paraguay. Paraguay overthrew the local Spanish administration on 14 May 1811. Army reformed. He is imprisoned, much to the distress of the Paraguayan public. Lopez goes on the run with his wife Eliza Lynch and his children, as well as the remainder of his army, mostly children, elderly and women. He prosecutes and imprisons the main perpetrators of Stroessner's regime. 2000 May - Coup attempt foiled. 1900, January 1: Metric system introduced. 2016 July - Farmers leader Ruben Villalba is jailed for 35 years over the killing of 17 police officers and farmers in 2012, an incident which led to the impeachment of then President Fernando Lugo. image caption Long-term leader Alfredo Stroessner persecuted the indigenous population. 1544 - 1555: Irala modernizes Paraguay by introducing agriculture and local industry. 1840: Francia dies. Ministries. Ceasefire declared. The first inhabitants of modern day Paraguay were various Indian tribes that are seminomadic and have a warrior culture. Paraguay History & Background. 1871: Salvador Jovellanos elected President. Caballero commits suicide in his cell and Yegros is executed. Paraguay, landlocked country in south-central South America. 1 June 2018 Landlocked Paraguay is at the heart of South America, surrounded by Argentina, Bolivia and Brazil. Protesters demand resignation of President Gonzalez Macchi and scrapping of free-market policies. 1828: All private land confiscated. A chronology of key events in the history of Brazil, from the 1500s to the present ... Timeline. The landlocked nation of Paraguay covering an area of 406,752 sq.km (157,050 sq mi), is located in Central South America. ca 1200 – Chavin, the first culture developed in Peru.The people of Chavin built one of Peru’s earlier temples in Chavin de Huantar. A new constitution in 1870, designed to prevent dictatorships and internal strife, failed to do so, and not until 1912 did a period of comparative economic and political stability begin. As observed on the physical map of the country, Paraguay is crisscrossed by many rivers. It becomes an outpost for goods being shipped across the continent and later the colony's capital. ... Brief Overview of the History … 2012 July - The South American Mercosur trading bloc suspends Paraguay until next year's presidential election in protest at President Lugo's ouster, but stops short of imposing sanctions. 1525—Portuguese explorer Alejo Garcia visits Paraguay.. 1526—Italian navigator Sebastian Cabot explores the rivers of Paraguay.. 1537—Spanish begin colonising the interior plains of Paraguay.. 1609—Spanish Jesuits begin converting the local population to Roman Catholicism.. 1776—Paraguay … 1537 - Spanish begin colonising the interior plains of Paraguay. He was the first of a long line of dictators in Paraguay and he ruled until his death in 1840. A new, more democratic, constitution followed in June 1992. Much of Paraguay’s post-colonial history was marked by civil war and military coups. 1975 –Coup d’état by Morales Bermudez. Paraguay War. In 1892 Paraguay was chosen as the site of the settlement. led to the ouster of President Lugo in June. This timeline serves as a great lesson to the current status of the world as we know it. World Bank Group Timeline Events Events are selected from the World Bank Group Timeline. Rodríguez de Francia was nicknamed El Supremo. In 1903 Jose Batll… Stroessner, Alfredo. The first settlement at Buenos Aires is established in 1536. Revolt is defeated. By the early 16th century the Europeans arrived led by the Spanish conquistador Juan de Salazar y Espinoza and established the Asuncion settlement on August 15, 1537. 1438-Sacsayhuamán & Machu Picchu are built during the reign of the Inca Pachacútec. A landlocked country in South America, Paraguay is a fondly called the Heart of South America due to its centralized location. Born Alfredo Stroessner Matiauda, November 3, 1912, in Encarnación, Paraguay; died of a stroke after a hernia operation, August 16, 2006, in Brasilia, Brazil. The modern country traces its origins to sixteenth-century settlements by Spanish explorers, accompanied by Catholic priests; these … 1999 - President Cubas resigns in wake of assassination of Vice-President Luis Maria Argana. Because of its small population and poverty, however, its weight among the nations of the modern world is small. Missionaries and Indians 1537. 2006 August - Former military ruler Alfredo Stroessner dies in exile in Brazil, aged 93. 2008 April - Leftist former bishop Fernando Lugo achieves historic victory in presidential election, defeating the ruling party candidate and ending 61 years of conservative rule. 1524: Portuguese explorer Aleixo Garcia leads a Guaraní army of 200 across the Gran Chaco. 1972: University of Asunción is destroyed by police. Mennonite History in Europe . ... Presidents. Crowdfunding. 2007 September - The government declares a state of emergency after fires destroy more than 100,000 hectares of forest and agricultural land. Luis Gonzalez Macchi appointed caretaker president, forms government of national unity. Blog. Unfortunately in 1839 Uruguay became embroiled in a disastrous civil war between Blancos (Whites) and Colorados (Reds). … Dia de la Independencia 1811. A relatively small, poor, under populated, subtropical, landlocked country located near the geographical core of South America, Paraguay was originally inhabited by numerous Amerindian tribes, semi nomadic peoples linked by the Guaraní language. 1881: Bernardino Caballero elected President. Many South American countries suffered the rule of cruel, vain, corrupt dictators, but none for so long as Paraguay under … See the entire history of South America animated as native states rose and fell and colonies sprung and gained independence over time. Blog. Jan 1, 1542. 1877: President Gill is assassinated under orders from Juan Silvano Godoi. Dia de la Independencia 1811. 1908: Ferreira dismissed and exiled in coup. Allies begin march on Asunción. 1941: Morinigo bans all other political parties and un-sympathetic newspapers. 1939: José Félix Estigarribia is elected. This is the beginning of the independence of Paraguay. Paraguay History __ "The recorded history of Paraguay starts from the first encounters between European explorers and the Guarani tribes populating the upper reaches of what are now the Parana and Paraguay rivers. 2010 April - Security forces launch operation against left-wing rebel group blamed for spate of violent incidents in northern Paraguay. Today Paraguay is still a poor country but its economy is growing rapidly and there is reason to be optimistic. 1924: Eligio Ayala elected, followed by Luis Alberto Riart, then again by Eligio Ayala. Spaniards of Asunción arrested and forced to pay 100 000 Pesos. Paraguay was first discovered. He frees several of Stroessner's associates from prison and reappoints them to their former government positions. Civil War. 6,639,000), 157,047 sq mi (406,752 sq km), S central South America. Today a representative democratic republic, Paraguay was conquered by the Spanish in the 16th century. 1904: Escurra deposed in coup; exiled to Villa Hayes. Slave Trade. Fist being explored Conquistador Juan Díaz de Solís leads an unsuccessful expedition to explore the area later known as Paraguay. Paraguay was governed by three dictators during the first 60 years of independence. 2012 December - Landless peasant leader Vidal Vega is shot dead. In History. 1867: Fall of Humaitá. In History. Settlers are given the right to elect leaders of the colony. c 400 BC The city of Tiahuanaco is founded. More than 30 states take part and demand preferential treatment in world trade talks. c 1000 AD The empire breaks up. Electric power installed for the first time in the country. 1932: Eusebio Ayala re-elected. By the early 16th century the Europeans arrived led by the Spanish conquistador Juan de Salazar y Espinoza and established the Asuncion settlement on August 15, 1537. Visit for a timeline of UPS history. List of famous Paraguayan leaders with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history. 1811, May 14 - Military and political uprising in Asuncion against governor Velasco. Below is a timeline of the history of Paraguay: Contents. 1782 The rebellion is crushed. Spanish Arrive 1516. The history of Paraguay is a result of development and interaction of varying cultures of indigenous peoples in Paraguay and overseas immigrants who together have created the modern-day Paraguay. The small and struggling country is a steamy subtropical land of remarkable contrasts with a tragic and torrid history filled with violence and loss. However, despite faster economic growth, unemployment and crime rates remained high as the government failed to address … Rebellion quashed. A brief history of Chile. The Timeline is an online platform created by the Archives designed to highlight the important events in the ank Group’s history and to illuminate those events through a variety of archival records, photos, video and audio clips, oral history transcripts, Harry Potter first edition sells for £68k7, US Supreme Court rejects Trump-backed bid to overturn election8, Ruhollah Zam: Iran executes journalist accused of fanning unrest9, Covid: Genes hold clues to why some people get severely ill10. When the dictatorship passes to the … 1912: Liberato Marcial Rojas elected. FAQ. 2013 February - Presidential candidate Lino Oviedo dies in helicopter crash. Vaca moves towards Lima, is defeated by natives and returns to Spain. 2000 October - An army major and two other men are sentenced to long prison terms for their roles in Argana's murder. 1887: Bernhard Förster and his wife Elisabeth Förster-Nietzsche (sister of philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche) establish Nueva Germania settler community in the San Pedro Department. Stalemate breaks out at the Battle of Gondra, but is broken that October by the Paraguayans at 2nd Campo Grande, and re-capture the Chaco after the fall of Campo Vía. Today a representative democratic republic, Paraguay was conquered by the Spanish in the 16th century. The last of the Bolivians are pushed out by a small Paraguayan force at Ingavi. A general history of Paraguay covering the main points. A brief history of Brazil. pop. 1933-05-10 Paraguay declares war on Bolivia; 1933-12-20 Bolivia & Paraguay sign cease fire; 1935-06-12 Weapons pact ends 3 year war of Gran Chaco (Bolivia vs Paraguay) 1935-06-14 Chaco War between Bolivia & Paraguay ends 1989 - Stroessner deposed in coup led by Gen Andres Rodriguez, who is then elected president. Predecessor Luis Gonzalez Macchi barred from leaving country and put on trial on corruption charges. List of famous Paraguayan leaders with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history. 1992: Rodriguez initiated reforms including the abolition of the death penalty. 1545 Silver is discovered in Bolivia. In 1537 colonists construct a stockade fort hundreds of miles up the Paraná and Paraguay rivers. History, map and timeline of Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay in 1648 CE where the lands are inhabited by the predominant indigenous people, the Guarani. 1866: Battle of Tuyutí. In modern times, the Guarani are most concentrated in Paraguay, with smaller groups in Argentina, Brazil and Bolivia. 2014-06-27 Floods force evacuation of 200,000 in Paraguay Neembucu, Paraguay H. 2014-05-12 Paraguay president's palace being eroded by termites presidential palace, Asuncion, Paraguay I. In 1996 a standoff occurred between … 2003 August - Nicanor Duarte Frutos, from ruling Colorado Party, sworn in as president after winning April poll. 1537: Explorers Juan de Salazar de Espinosa and Gonzalo de Mendoza sail upstream to meet Irala, who guides them to a safe port. 2013-02-03 Paraguay candidate Oviedo killed Asuncion, Paraguay Until 1870 dictators controlled the country, and thereafter, into the 1930s, elite cadres, both Conservatives and Liberals, ruled. gale. 1903-15 - Reformist Jose Batlle y Ordonez (Colorado Party) ... BBC Sport: Uruguay's rich football history. 1940, September 7: Estigarribia is killed in a plane crash, general Higinio Moríñigo assumes power. 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