Gin emerged in England after the introduction of the jenever, a Dutch and Belgian liquor that was originally a medicine. Gin definition: Gin is a strong colourless alcoholic drink made from grain and juniper berries. Popular botanicals or flavouring agents for gin, besides the required juniper, often include citrus elements, such as lemon and bitter orange peel, as well as a combination of other spices, which may include any of anise, angelica root and seed, orris root, licorice root, cinnamon, almond, cubeb, savory, lime peel, grapefruit peel, dragon eye (longan), saffron, baobab, frankincense, coriander, grains of paradise, nutmeg, cassia bark or others. [27], According to the Canadian Food and Drug Regulation, gin is produced through redistillation of alcohol from juniper-berries or a mixture of more than one such redistilled food products.[28]. Here Are Our Top English Tips, The Best Articles To Improve Your English Language Usage, The Most Common English Language Questions. Gin is a distilled alcoholic drink that derives its predominant flavour from juniper berries (Juniperus communis).[1][2]. Old Tom gin faded in popularity by the early 20th century. Gin is a distilled alcoholic drink that derives its predominant flavour from juniper berries (Juniperus communis).. Gin is a quintessentially british tipple, especially when considering the wider reach the British Empire had with the associated mental images of eccentric madmen sipping G&T in the direct sunshine of an Indian summer. Hollands Gin is today known as Jenever and English Gin was branded fancy names as Old Tom, Young Tom or Samson, or after the name of the distiller, or … ; noun Any of several machines or devices, especially. "[13] The negative reputation of gin survives today in the English language, in terms like gin mills or the American phrase gin joints to describe disreputable bars, or gin-soaked to refer to drunks. See more. After juniper, gin tends to be flavoured with botanical/herbal, spice, floral or fruit-flavours or often a combination. It's even presented in an oldy-timey fashion, in a recycled, wax sealed bottle. Old English Gin. In tropical British colonies gin was used to mask the bitter flavour of quinine, which was the only effective anti-malarial compound. ), while other common descriptors refer to classic styles that are culturally recognised, but not legally defined (e.g. Sloe gin is also worth mentioning as although technically a gin-based liqueur it is unique in that the EU spirit drink regulations stipulate the colloquial term sloe gin can legally be used without the "liqueur" suffix when certain production criteria are met. Generate or increase something, especially by dubious or dishonest means. [18] Another popular gin-based liqueur with a longstanding history is Pimm's No.1 Cup (25% alcohol by volume(ABV)), which is a fruit cup flavoured with citrus and spices. Om man köpte Gin på 1700-talet och 1800-talet erbjöds ett enkelt val: English Gin eller Holland's Gin. & share your opinion 1gin someone up, gin up someoneArouse or intensify strong feelings in someone. Winery: Hammer & Son. Surging popularity and unchecked competition has led to consumer's conflation of gin with gin liqueurs and many products are straddling, pushing or breaking the boundaries of established definitions in a period of genesis for the industry. Early 18th century abbreviation of genever. Gin is a common base spirit for many mixed drinks, including the martini. Johnson, Harry; "Harry Johnson's New and Improved Bartender's Manual; 1900. It?s the juniper that first registers, a crisp and clean scent which is released when the cork is removed. [5], By the mid-17th century, numerous small Dutch and Flemish distillers had popularized the re-distillation of malted barley spirit or malt wine with juniper, anise, caraway, coriander, etc.,[6] which were sold in pharmacies and used to treat such medical problems as kidney ailments, lumbago, stomach ailments, gallstones, and gout. Gin originated as a medicinal liquor made by monks and alchemists across Europe, particularly in Southern France, Flanders and the Netherlands, to provide aqua vita from distillates of grapes and grains. gin out definition, meaning, English dictionary, synonym, see also 'gin',gin palace',gin rummy',cotton gin', Reverso dictionary, English definition, English vocabulary What is the definition of gin? Among the many popular cocktails that include gin are martinis, gimlets, and Tom Collins. All ultimately derive from juniperus, the Latin for juniper. It is further claimed that English soldiers who provided support in Antwerp against the Spanish in 1585, during the Eighty Years' War, were already drinking jenever for its calming effects before battle, from which the term Dutch courage is believed to have originated. gin Old English Gin, Gin. A trap for catching birds or small mammals. : abbreviation of genever . The result is a sweeter spirit, and one that may have possessed additional analgesic or even intoxicating effects â€“ see Paracelsus. Gin is also often used as a base spirit to produce flavoured gin-based liqueurs such as, for example, sloe gin, traditionally by the addition of fruit, flavourings and sugar. When buying Gin in the 1700’s and 1800’s you’d be offered a simple choice: English Gin or Hollands Gin. gin definition: 1. a clear, strong alcoholic drink flavoured with juniper berries (= small fruits): 2. a machine…. sense 3 Middle English (in the sense ‘a tool or device, a trick’): from Old French engin , from Latin ingenium ‘talent, device’, from in- ‘in’ + gignere ‘beget’. Enrich your vocabulary with the English Definition dictionary Spice-like flavours come from chemicals such as sabinene, delta-3-carene, and para-cymene. The prohibitive duty was gradually reduced and finally abolished in 1742. from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition. Classic style gins are juniper forward and tend to evoke comparison’s to Gordon’s, Beefeater, and Tanqueray. gin Definitions. [9], Gin drinking in England rose significantly after the government allowed unlicensed gin production, and at the same time imposed a heavy duty on all imported spirits such as French brandy. Gin became vastly more popular as an alternative to brandy, when William III, II & I and Mary II became co-sovereigns of England, Scotland and Ireland after leading the Glorious Revolution. The physician Franciscus Sylvius has been falsely credited with the invention of gin in the mid-17th century,[3] although the existence of jenever is confirmed in Philip Massinger's play The Duke of Milan (1623), when Sylvius would have been about nine years old. Definition of Gin. In London in the early 18th century, much gin was distilled legally in residential houses (there were estimated to be 1,500 residential stills in 1726) and was often flavoured with turpentine to generate resinous woody notes in addition to the juniper. Schiedam, a city in the province of South Holland, is famous for its jenever-producing history. Old English Gin?s old English recipe prescribes the use of 11 botanicals to create the perfect gin, including liquorice, coriander, and nutmeg. A machine for separating cotton from its seeds. Several other notable gin-based drinks include: Distilled alcoholic drink flavoured with juniper, This article is about the alcoholic beverage. The gin is stored in glass, earthenware or stainless steel containers, but does not mature in these. The name gin is a shortened form of the older English word genever,[21] related to the French word genièvre and the Dutch word jenever. This created a larger market for poor-quality barley that was unfit for brewing beer, and in 1695–1735 thousands of gin-shops sprang up throughout England, a period known as the Gin Craze. The Gin Act 1751 was more successful, however; it forced distillers to sell only to licensed retailers and brought gin shops under the jurisdiction of local magistrates. strong liquor flavored with juniper berries. Beer maintained a healthy reputation as it was often safer to drink the brewed ale than unclean plain water. Learn more. What is the meaning of gin? See also: gin, Gin, GIN, ĝin, and gÄ«n The National Jenever Museums are located in Hasselt, Belgium, and Schiedam, the Netherlands. Old Tom Gin (or Tom Gin or Old Tom) is a gin recipe popular in 18th-century England. Hollands Gin är idag känt som Jenever. Gin produced only through the redistillation of botanicals can be further distinguished and marketed as "distilled gin". ... Main definitions of gin in English: gin 1 gin 2 gin 3. gin 1. en.wiktionary.org. [7] Particularly in crude, inferior forms, it was more likely to be flavoured with turpentine. Some legal classifications (protected denomination of origin) define gin as only originating from specific geographical areas without any further restrictions (e.g. Various botanicals are added for flavoring, and the spirit is distilled a second time. "; "The Gin Craze, In Our Time - BBC Radio 4", "Health, Hygiene and the Rise of 'Mother Gin' in the 18th Century", "When gin was full of sulphuric acid and turpentine", "Coffey still â€“ Patent Still â€“ Column Still: a continuous distillation", "Pink gin is booming – but here's why many purists loathe it", "Food and Drug Regulations (C.R.C., c. 870)", "Home Distillation of Alcohol (Homemade Alcohol to Drink)", "Flavoured gin contributes over 50% of the growth in sector", "Consolidated federal laws of canada, Food and Drug Regulations", "From the Bathtub to the Boardroom: Gin and Its History", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gin&oldid=991709396, Short description is different from Wikidata, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 12:22. Does English Have More Words Than Any Other Language? [8] Historian Angela McShane has described it as a "Protestant drink" as its rise was brought about by a protestant king, fuelling his armies fighting the Catholic Irish and French. Sloe gin is traditionally described as a liqueur made by infusing sloes (the fruit of the blackthorn) in gin, although modern versions are almost always compounded from neutral spirits and flavourings. After the success of Tyrrells crisps, William Chase turned his attention to producing spirits, starting with vodka before launching Chase Gin in 2010 – the first single-estate English gin created in over 200 years. 2gin something up, gin up somethingGenerate or increase something, especially by dubious or dishonest means. There are many Old English dictionaries online which can be used to simply swap out Modern English words, but this doesn't result in very accurate translations - the translations are … Not too long ago, Old Tom gin could be found almost exclusively in the U.K. A well known gin cocktail is the martini, traditionally made with gin and dry vermouth. Upon tasting, the gin's initial pointed sweetness gives way to a pleasant bitterness, and the juniper finishes off. How do you use gin in a sentence? a card game based on collecting sets and sequences; the winner is the first to meld all their cards Arouse or intensify strong feelings in someone. Gin in English translation and definition "Gin", Dictionary English-English online. The storage time serves only to harmonize the product. [4] According to some unconfirmed accounts, gin originated in Italy. Noun 1. strong liquor flavored with juniper berries (hypernym) liquor, spirits, booze, hard drink, hard liquor, John Barleycorn, strong drink (hyponym) bathtub gin (substance-holonym) gin and tonic (substance-meronym) juniper berries 2. a trap for birds or small mammals; often has a noose The invention and development of the column still (1826 and 1831)[17] made the distillation of neutral spirits practical, thus enabling the creation of the "London dry" style that evolved later in the 19th century. It's the crisp and clean scent of juniper that first registers when the gin is opened. Definition and synonyms of gin from the online English dictionary from Macmillan Education.. Learn more. The oude (old) style of jenever remained very popular throughout the 19th century, where it was referred to as Holland or Geneva gin in popular, American, pre-Prohibition bartender guides.[16]. More recently gin-based liqueurs have been popularised, reaching a market outside that of traditional gin drinkers, including fruit-flavoured and usually coloured "Pink gin",[20] Rhubarb gin, Spiced gin, Violet gin, Blood orange gin and Sloe gin. How do you use gin in a sentence? For example, juniper monoterpenes come from juniper berries. It then became an object of commerce in the spirits industry. Secretly produced "bathtub gin" was available in the speakeasies and "blind pigs" of Prohibition-era America as a result of the relative simple production. A clear alcoholic spirit distilled from grain or malt and flavoured with juniper berries. ... Main meanings of gin in English: gin 1 gin 2 gin 3. gin 1. [7] Gin in the 18th century was produced in pot stills, and was somewhat sweeter than the London gin known today. The Gin Act 1736 imposed high taxes on retailers and led to riots in the streets. (also gin trap) a device for catching small wild animals or birds Word Origin senses 1 to 2 early 18th cent. Its bouquet comes from juniper berries, coriander, herbs and spices, usually added to the grain mash during distillation. Pronunciation /jin/ /dʒɪn/ ... her front leg severed by a vicious and illegal gin trap.’ ‘A tiled bathroom in an old safari lodge contains a … gin - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. Although this development had been taking place since early 17th century, gin became widespread after the William of Orange-led 1688 Glorious Revolution and subsequent import restrictions on French brandy. 1mass noun A clear alcoholic spirit distilled from grain or malt and flavoured with juniper berries. This is the British English pronunciation of gin.. View American English pronunciation of gin. Old English Gin är en sk craftgin som passar utmärkt att sippa över is men fungerar även till cocktails. Gin can be broadly differentiated into three basic styles reflecting modernization in its distillation and flavouring techniques:[24]. Like vodka, gin can be made from all sorts of grains, but English gin is predominantly distilled from corn. 1A machine for separating cotton from its seeds. What is the definition of gin? n. ... [C18: shortened from Dutch genever juniper, via Old French from Latin jÅ«niperus juniper] gin (dʒɪn) n. 1. Jump to navigation Jump to search. The 18th century gave rise to a style of gin referred to as Old Tom gin, which is a softer, sweeter style of gin, often containing sugar. Gin is an unaged liquor made by distilling grains such as barley, corn or rye. Similar infusions are possible with other fruits, such as damsons. Are You Learning English? 2A machine for raising and moving heavy weights. Simple syrup distinguishes this older style from its contemporaries and many include notes of citrus. [7] The reputation of the two drinks was illustrated by William Hogarth in his engravings Beer Street and Gin Lane (1751), described by the BBC as "arguably the most potent anti-drug poster ever conceived. | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples gin definition in English dictionary, gin meaning, synonyms, see also 'gin',gin palace',gin rummy',cotton gin'. The earliest known written reference to jenever appears in the 13th-century encyclopaedic work Der Naturen Bloeme (Bruges), with the earliest printed recipe for jenever dating from 16th-century work Een Constelijck Distileerboec (Antwerp). These Foreign Words And Phrases Are Now Used In English. Gin, flavored, distilled, colorless to pale yellow liquor made from purified spirits usually obtained from a grain mash and having the juniper berry as its principal flavoring ingredient. Although the acid itself does not distil, it imparts the additional aroma of diethyl ether to the resulting gin. It’s unique in that the base spirit is made … For the card game, see, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (. Old Tom was the original gin used for the popular Tom Collins and the gin of choice for much of the 19th century. [22], Although many different styles of gin have evolved, it is legally differentiated into four categories in the European Union, as follows. Buy at the best price from $30.31! It is most commonly consumed mixed with tonic water. [12] Gin, though, was blamed for various social problems, and it may have been a factor in the higher death rates which stabilized London's previously growing population. Gin today is produced in different ways from a wide range of herbal ingredients, giving rise to a number of distinct styles and brands. The same for Hasselt in the Belgian province of Limburg. Old Tom gin is a sweeter version of London dry gin. Define gin. The cooked mash is fermented and later distilled in a continuous still to produce a clear, neutral spirit. Whereas a more detailed regulation is provided for Holland gin or genever, no distinction is made between compounded gin and distilled gin. A machine for raising and moving heavy weights. Gin definition is - a colorless alcoholic beverage made from distilled or redistilled neutral grain spirits flavored with juniper berries and aromatics (such as anise and caraway seeds). London Dry refers to a process, not to a style. Old English Gin: taste of Georgian London. It is slightly sweeter than London Dry, but slightly drier than the Dutch Jenever, thus is sometimes called "the missing link".. Old English Gin's Old English recipe contains 11 botanicals including liquorice, coriander, and nutmeg. Chemical research has begun to identify the various chemicals that are extracted in the distillation process and contribute to gin's flavouring. H&S Old English Gin Bottling Note Oldy-timey gin from Hammer & Son, made with 11 botanicals to a recipe from 1783 and distilled in the oldest working pot still in England! Dutch or Belgian gin, also known as jenever or genever, evolved from malt wine spirits, and is a distinctly different drink from later styles of gin. In modern times, it became rare but has experienced a resurgence in the "Craft Cocktail" movement. Citric and berry flavours come from chemicals such as limonene and gamma-terpinene linalool found in limes, blueberries and hops amongst others. [15] As late as 1913, Webster's Dictionary states without further comment, "'common gin' is usually flavoured with turpentine".[8]. noun Gin rummy. Plymouth gin (PGI now lapsed), Ostfriesischer Korngenever, Slovenská borovička, KraÅ¡ki Brinjevec, etc. [23] For Genever and Gin, they shall not contain more than two percent sweetening agents.[23]. A form of the card game rummy in which a player holding cards totalling ten or less may terminate play. The term Classic is often confused with the term London Dry. What is the meaning of gin? It's a gin which is made with a secret recipe made since 1783. Either compounded or distilled gin can be labelled as Dry Gin or London Dry Gin if it does not contain any sweetening agents. In these modern post-colonial times, gin is very much in vogue, and the brits are more than punching their weight in the scene. [11] Of the 15,000 drinking establishments in London, not including coffee shops and drinking chocolate shops, over half were gin shops. Middle English (in the sense ‘a tool or device, a trick’): from Old French engin (see engine). Sulphuric acid subtracts one water molecule from two ethanol molecules to create diethyl ether, which also forms an azeotrope with ethanol, and therefore distils with it. It then became an object of commerce in the spirits industry. [1], In the United States, "gin" is defined as an alcoholic beverage of no less than 40% ABV (80 proof) that possesses the characteristic flavour of juniper berries. The different combinations and concentrations of these botanicals in the distillation process cause the variations in taste among gin products. All Free. How to use gin … Quinine was dissolved in carbonated water to form tonic water; the resulting cocktail is gin and tonic, although modern tonic water contains only a trace of quinine as a flavouring. [10] Because of the low price of gin, when compared with other drinks available at the same time, and in the same geographic location, gin began to be consumed regularly by the poor. Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Gin definition, an alcoholic liquor obtained by distilling grain mash with juniper berries. Old Tom gin). gin synonyms, gin pronunciation, gin translation, English dictionary definition of gin. The epithet mother's ruin is a common British name for gin, the origin of which is the subject of ongoing debate.[14]. ; noun A strong colorless alcoholic beverage made by distilling or redistilling rye or other grain spirits and adding juniper berries and sometimes other flavorings such as anise, caraway seeds, or angelica root. [2], The Canadian Food and Drug Regulation recognises gin with three different definitions (Genever, Gin, London or Dry gin) that loosely approximate the US definitions. Translating English to Old English (sometimes called Anglo-Saxon) isn't an easy task. A colourless non-aged alcoholic liquor made by distilling fermented grains such as barley, corn, oats or rye with juniper berries; the base for many cocktails. gin meaning: 1. a clear, strong alcoholic drink flavoured with juniper berries (= small fruits): 2. a machine…. 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In pot stills, and schiedam, the Latin for juniper similar infusions are possible with other,... In England after the introduction of the card game rummy in which a player holding cards totalling ten or may... English Tips, the Best Articles to Improve your English Language, 5th Edition then became an object of in!, while other common descriptors refer to Classic styles that are culturally recognised, but not legally defined (.... 1700€™S and 1800’s you’d be offered a simple choice: English gin or London Dry gin or,. Contains 11 botanicals including liquorice, coriander, herbs and spices, usually added to the resulting gin ]! Comes from juniper berries refer to Classic styles that are culturally recognised, but does not more! The streets catching small wild animals or birds Word Origin senses 1 to 2 early 18th cent faded popularity... Its bouquet comes from juniper berries containers, but does not distil, it was likely! 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A form of the card game, see, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list ( England the! Juniperus, the free dictionary sweeter version of London Dry gin gin category was contributed flavoured! Fermented and later distilled in a continuous still to produce a clear, spirit... Mask the bitter flavour of quinine, which was the original gin used for the Tom... The spirits industry to produce a clear, strong alcoholic drink flavoured with turpentine jenever... Old Tom was the only effective anti-malarial compound Act 1736 imposed high taxes retailers... Flavoring, and schiedam, a city in the spirits industry floral notes come from chemicals such as,... It? s the juniper finishes off, including the martini Museums are located in,! And many include notes of citrus botanicals are added for flavoring, and Tom.! Gin products? s the juniper that first registers when the gin 1736... Object of commerce in the streets sweeter than the London gin known.... Definition of gin from the online English dictionary definition of gin sweeter than the London gin known today produced! In England after the introduction of the English Language, 5th Edition machines or devices, especially come. Gin known today still to produce a clear alcoholic spirit distilled from grain or malt and flavoured juniper...
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